Enhancing efficiency and carrier lifetime in all-inorganic perovskite solar cells: a strategic approach

Monika Sachan Improving the efficiency and carrier lifetimes of all-inorganic perovskite solar cells is a complex challenge, but here are some strategies that researchers have explored: Surface passivation: All-inorganic perovskite solar cells have a high density of surface defects, which can lead to carrier recombination and reduce the efficiency of the device. Surface passivation techniques, […]

Protein Folding: The Secret to Understanding Protein Structure and Function

Monika Sachan Proteins are fundamental building blocks of life, responsible for a wide range of biological functions. They are involved in catalyzing chemical reactions, transmitting signals between cells, and providing structural support for cells and tissues. However, in order to perform these functions, proteins must first assume a specific three-dimensional shape or conformation, known as […]

The Existence Of Two-dimensional Particles Called ‘anyons’: knowledge heretofore

Physicists report what may be the first impenetrable evidence for the existence of unusual particle-like objects, called anyons, more than 40 years ago. The latest additions to any growing family of phenomena called quasiparticles, which are not elementary particles, but collective excitations of multiple electrons in solid devices. His discovery – using a 2D electronic […]

Many-body Chaos in The Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev Model

-By Nikita Biliye The Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) Model is an exactly solvable model initially proposed by Subir Sachdev and Jinwu Ye. Later this model was modified by Alexia Kitaev. The SKY model brings insights into the understanding of strongly correlated materials. The Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) Model was the first microscopic Quantum system to exhibit many-body chaos. Over […]


-By Rohan Purohit INTRODUCTION For beginners to understand ions are charged atoms. They don’t have an equal number of protons and electrons. They may either be positively charged (cations) or negatively charged (anions). Cations- here proton number is more and electron number are less. Example -Calcium (Ca2+), Potassium (K+), hydrogen Anion- here proton number are […]