On 28 June 2021, DRDO tested the latest Agni missile also called Agni prime. This missile comes with unique technology difficult to intercept and convenient to use.
It is the sixth missile in the Agni series. On being asked if this missile will replace the existing missiles will replace other missiles of the series.
DRDO officials said that this missile is not a replacement but an improvement, with modern features and better accuracy.
- Canisterised missile
It is a cannistered missile that means it can be transported anywhere by rail, or other means unlike static missiles.
Means it can be fired even from a mobile vehicle.
- Ballistic with improved propulsion
Ballistic missiles are those missiles that we fire from the Earth and they have a trajectory to return from their highest point like a projectile. Gaining much more momentum due to gravity.
Agni prime has better propulsion to get to the highest point for better speed.
- Nuclear capable
Being a ballistic missile its range can’t be given in exact terms. Since it depends heavily on the trajectory it has to undergo and the weight it carries.
The more range we want from this missile the lesser weight it has to carry.
Agni prime has a range of 1000 – 2000km and can carry a maximum payload of 1.5 tons. Which can be used to carry nuclear warheads.
- Lighter and agile
It has 50 percent less weight than the previous Agni model like the Agni 3 due to the modern technologies used in making this missile.
It has technologies used from Agni 5 having used composite material to make both it’s stages for reduction of weight.
- Improved Guidance system
This is a double stage solid fuelled weapon system which comes with new propulsion, composite motor casings.
The navigation system that will be used for re-entry and targeting has advanced ring laser gyroscopes.
Gyroscopes show the trajectory of the missile and its location. And ring laser gyroscopes are very accurate for that.
- Technological advancements of Agni long range missiles
The technology used in this missile is the same as Agni 4000km and Agni 5000km missiles which makes it better equipped for longer targets such as China and Pakistan now.
- Maneuvering Delta fins
A remarkable characteristic of an Agni-P (Prime) is four terminal-maneuvering delta-fins that are able not only to destroy the ballistic missile defense system but also as an antimissile (ASBM) when a new Agni-P-based variant is created.
This was a textbook missile test by DRDO which was quite successful seeing that this missile was up to the mark on all the tests.
Various radar stations and telemetry stations were positioned along the Eastern coast to monitor and track the missile. And it did follow a textbook trajectory.
With this missile, India is putting the pieces of its military jigsaw puzzle together, including the capacity to detect Ballistic Missile launches using space and ground-based long-range sensors.
This missile is soon expected to join the Indian Army as it further enhances India’s credible defence capabilities.